If you search the Internet carefully, you will find that students have a hard time understanding endnotes vs footnotes. Moreover, they fail to comprehend when to use footnotes vs endnotes. But do not worry. In this blog, you will get to know about this topic along with relevant examples. After going through it, you will be able to clear your issues once and for all.
Footnotes and endnotes are basically the same. They are common writing tool features and implemented when using various citation styles. However, if you delve into endnotes vs footnotes, you will notice that there is a difference in the placement of the two. The footnotes appear at the bottom of the page, and the endnotes appear at the end of the paper.
The footnotes are:
On the other hand, endnotes tend to be:
With some insight into the difference between footnotes and endnotes, let us continue our learning process. In the following sections, you will get an in-depth analysis of the two.
In this section, we will take a closer look at what are footnotes vs endnotes. When you are considering whether to employ footnotes or endnotes, you have to keep the following points in mind:
This aspect depends on the type of paper you are writing. Often endnotes represent non-bibliographic items like observations or comments. This section is then followed by a separate list of references to the sources you cited.
The convention of writing footnotes is slowly getting dated. And it is being replaced by the endnotes. This is because when too many footnotes are used on the same page, it gets cluttered. Furthermore, footnotes get lost if you use multiple columns, charts, tables, etc.
Irrespective of the type of assignment writing paper, footnotes are numbered consecutively/chronologically. These are usually in superscripts, and you cannot include periods, parentheses or slashes. You have to match each number to its corresponding note.
It is imperative that you stick to the conventions while using footnotes or endnotes. If you are baffled with the information stated until now, your queries will get sorted when you know how to use endnotes vs footnotes in word files or papers.
If you have been wondering when to use footnotes vs endnotes all this time, you have arrived at the right place. Here, we will take a look at when to use footnotes and endnotes for different referencing styles and relevant examples.
MLA footnotes are used to meet two purposes. It is used for:
1For instance, Lauren Michelle, The Savannah Life (New York: Evergreen, 2018) 2
Endnotes usually carry a bit more information, and it is usually inserted amid all the other endnotes in a separate page.
For example, 1Lauren Michelle, The Savannah (New York: Evergreen, 2018) 2, www.kehw.kqsdhihwiedi2
The extra information in the endnote is only the website where the e-book is available.
In the Chicago style, you can use either footnote or endnote, along with a bibliography. The difference between the footnote and the endnote is based on the placement. But, if you use the endnotes, you have to use it at the end of the paper, before the bibliography. Most importantly, the page should be titled ‘Notes’.
For example, let the text be:
The medical researchers are yet to find a fool-proof solution to COVID-19 disease 7.
The footnote or the endnote will be:
Craig Daniels and Jessica Ashton, A Closer Look at t he Diseases for Which Medicines or Vaccines Have Not been Discovered (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2020), 23-24
If you go through various examples, you will get a hang of it.
APA format doesn’t require footnotes usually. Students are requested to opt for parenthetical references. However, footnotes are used in instances like:
For example, let us assume that the text is “The media houses, even today hide classified information from the public...2”
2See Adams (2019), especially chapter 5, for more information about the theory posited by the journalist.
This can be applied in the endnote as well.
Hopefully, after going through the entire blog, you have a detailed insight into the endnotes vs footnotes aspect. So, if you are writing an academic paper, be sure to determine whether you want footnotes or endnotes, based on the source.
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